YouTube Tries to Get Legal

First, let me offer a great big thank you to Youtube from me and everyone on the internet, including many small businesses. Im just guessing here, but based on reports coming from Compete and others, I don’t think its a stretch to say that Youtube subsidizes the cost of more than half the user generated internet bandwidth consumed in the United States.

Yep, you read that right. If you thought that the internet only used free as an incentive back during the Bubble Years, think again. I’m sure I speak for 10s of millions of us who have hosted videos on Youtube when I offer much gratitude to Google for their generosity. Never could even I have imagined that when they bought Youtube it would be such a costly mistake. If buying a company in order to subsidize the video bandwidth of the internet isn’t crazy.., I dont know what is.

Fortunately for Google, they have unquestionably the world’s best network and most likely the world’s lowest bandwidth costs. So if anyone is going to be able to afford that cost, it would be Google.

As long as their stock price doesn’t fall another 50pct that is. At that point even the most forgiving shareholder may ask about the wisdom of subsidizing all things video on the internet. Particularly when they realize that they have forgotten to price in the overhanging risk of the legal copyright challenges still in play against Youtube. Those lawsuits have not gone away, and the risk certainly has not been reduced. They simply are not front of mind to shareholders these days.

But they may be front of mind at Google. Maybe It’s just the cynic in me, but I think the primary reason behind the enhancement of Youtube APIs and the removal of the Youtube watermark have more to do with copyright than anything else

You see, when Youtube offers their API and allows users of all shapes and sizes to host video on their own sites, rather than on Youtube or Google, the copyright risk to Youtube disappears. At that point Youtube is truly just a service provider and they have no idea what content they are hosting. That gets them legal.

Currently, Youtube is not allowed to know what content is being uploaded and available on their website unless it is content for which they have a signed deal. Pundits like to attribute the lack of ads around content to advertisers concern for the uncertainty of proximity to who knows what kind of video. I don’t see it that way. There is always a price advertisers will pay for Run of Site ads. The risk is not the advertisers’ its Youtube’s. They can’t place ads according to user uploaded content because they aren’t supposed to know what or where that content is.

So back to the APIs.

If a website uses the API to post a video on their own site, they assume all the copyright risk. Youtube is in the clear.

Pushing the copyright risk to the site using the API is great news for Google. They now control that’s website’s video economics because they are still assuming 100pct of the bandwidth costs. Because of this 1999 style generosity, Google is hoping that the website will now take advantage of any and all of their advertising programs that generate revenue for the site and of course for Google. I think thats a trade off most sites wanting to host video will make. Particularly with all the options that Google/Doubleclick can now offer and of course the fact that their Terms of Service include the following preclusion from selling advertising in and around the Youtube hosted content:
“the sale of advertising, sponsorships, or promotions targeted to, within, or on the API Client or YouTube video content;”

So because of the API, Google goes from not being able to generate more than trivial revenue on Youtube to being able to generate limitless revenue on 3rd party sites.

Now that is not crazy. Thats a smart move if they can get traction with it.

In fact, a some point in the future, don’t be surprised if Google makes it more and more difficult to upload video on to Youtube by REQUIRING you to sign a license for the content first. Thats a heck of a lot cheaper than paying 150k dollars per infringing download.

If I am MicroSoft, I’m freaking out realizing that something needs to be done to pre empt this move.

Your move MicroHoo.

24 thoughts on “YouTube Tries to Get Legal

  1. I heard the other day on the news that AT&T is spending billions of dollars to expand the internet bandwidth that sites like YouTube is deavouring. The news release said that if AT&T did nothing the internet as we know it would cease to exist in 2 years. Did Google even think about this?

    Comment by George Tallabas -

  2. If YouTube tries to get legal, in what situation it is right now!? This is a quote from DP Forums: \’Youtube is allowed under a law that says that they cannot regulate all user-submitted content. If youtube gets a complaint, they are legally required by law to remove the video if it is in copyright violation.\’

    Comment by Novak Djokovic Tennis -

  3. I have read it somewhere that Youtube consumed bandwidth equal to the bandwidth used by whole internet in 2000. If that true, then that is really insane. I think we will see huge bandwidth fees on Youtube by Network provides.

    Comment by Merrell -

  4. This is more of a response to no knowing what to do with youtube and how to make money. I think the opposite in that youtube is perfect for generating traffic for any company. It is apparent that youtube videos esp. on your site can lead to a noticeable increase in traffic considering google does own it…they will rank you better if you use their services. Youtube is the 8th largest site in the U.S. and people (what 33 years is the average) are spending more time on youtube than watching tv. Google knows what they bought and how they are making money off of it and companies should no overlook the benefit that is provided by this simple solution for more business.

    Comment by lynne -

  5. Mark. Your blog is the best. Im here everyday.

    Comment by PR -

  6. I am a fresher in this blog.Is anyone live in Beijing in our blog.I hope make friends with you .In order to improve our oral English ,and is anyone know where could I brought the Original foreign-language books in Beijing? Thankyou!! koosshine@163.com

    Comment by coolshine -

  7. GO MAVS GO. BEST OF LUCK TO MARK CUBAN AND THE MAVS.!
    I AM NOT A BASKETBALL FAN BUT I DO SUPPORT ANYONE FROM OLD PITTSBURGH AREA! AND SINCE I AM IN AMARILLO , TEXAS NOW, WHY NOW! GO MAVS GO

    Comment by tim price -

  8. I\’ve always looked at the purchase of Youtube as an investment in the top brand for video content on the internet, coupled with the hedge that bandwidth costs will go down even as bandwidth for the consumer goes up. Ten years down the road Youtube will look much different: higher quality, better integration into the web, content sent directly to everything from your TV to your phone (happening already, albeit in a cludgy way), and a breakdown of barriers between different formats of content (TV and internet, for example).

    The only real constraint we have, from a technological point of view, is bandwidth. That will be fixed very soon, maybe in the next 10-20 years (other countries are way ahead of us on that front, Singapore for example). As bandwidth increases, viewing HD and other high-quality content becomes trivial. And Youtube is THE best brand out there for online video content (in the minds of users). Far from a fatal decision by Google, it may be one of the most savvy, far-sighted business decisions in history.

    We are visual creatures in the process of moving all intellectual capital onto the Internet. Youtube is the gatekeeper to that visual content, at least in video form, in most consumers\’ minds.

    Comment by Chance -

  9. Great writing but in my opinion, MS wont move, they don\’t seem to get the whole Internet thing and of course video content website.

    Comment by Mont Tremblant Real Estate -

  10. I\’m still not sure that Google knows what to do with YouTube. It would be compared with Microsoft buying a share in FaceBook. Nobody is quite sure how to make money, but they\’re willing to spend whatever it takes to purchase the sites audience incase they ever do come up with a plan.

    Comment by D -

  11. You\’re right Brett…they don\’t seem to be getting rid of the watermark. As a matter of fact they are taking their branding even further when it comes to the API. See here… http://code.google.com/apis/youtube/branding.html

    Comment by Eddie -

  12. I don\’t think YouTube is removing the watermark overlay.

    http://newteevee.com/2008/03/12/youtube-apis/
    http://blog.wired.com/monkeybites/2008/03/new-youtube-dev.html

    Where is the info that the water mark is being removed coming from?

    Thanks
    brett

    Comment by Brett Tabke -

  13. Fred\’s post sounds kind of creepy. Kind of like that Eminem song about Stan!

    Yikes!

    Comment by Jeremiah Boughton -

  14. Kenn…if I\’m understanding your question correctly, then this is the answer you\’re looking for… http://adsense.blogspot.com/2008/02/fueling-creativity-in-online-video-with.html

    Its currently only available to publishers who serve at least one million streams each month, but I\’m sure that\’s just temporary. They\’ll open it up to everyone eventually.

    So no matter where the video appears (YouTube, third party destination site, or some forum someplace) Google can monetize by serving ads right inside the video.

    Comment by Eddie -

  15. Mark…Google requiring that all YouTube content be licensed is an interesting theory. It would be fun to see them try. I think they would have to dump 90% or more of all current YouTube videos to make that happen.

    I doubt Google will stop caring about monetizing on YouTube because they are now monetizing on the third party destination site. Why just monetize one when you can monetize both?

    Whether they are monetizing those API uploaded videos or not isn\’t really the issue though. As I mentioned in my earlier comment, the videos uploaded via the API will be appearing on YouTube.com channels. If Google runs ads alongside those YouTube.com channel videos, then they bear the copyright burden. If they don\’t run ads alongside them, then they still bear the copyright burden. As long as the videos are accessible via YouTube.com then Google can get sued for copyright violations. They only way around this is for the videos not to display on YouTube.com and to display exclusively on the third party destination site. Then YouTube would become, in essence, a hosting company. I don\’t think this is Google\’s end goal for YouTube. API or no API, Google is going to continue to deal with the same copyright issues they always have where YouTube is concerned. Only difference now is that Google will be sharing that copyright burden with the new third party destination sites.

    Comment by Eddie -

  16. Hey Mark,I am not by any means knowledgeable on this subject but I would think that removing the water mark is a good move especially the vid is picked up as a copyright infringement to say the NFL or NBA. I removes a finger print or two. Google when purchasing Youtube knew that if they didnt, someonee else would and fast. It was easier to deal with that then a future proverbial thorn in their side. And last, even if a business is sued for anything these days and loses, I think the \”american way\” is to pass on the cost to that guy, Johnny Q. Public. Its worked in the past. Thanks for the thoughts.

    Comment by Frankie from Lawnside -

  17. Its an interesting trend. Alot of companies (GooTube, MMORPGs and so on) are using APIs for alot of interesting things.

    Googles seems to be the most advantageous though. Especially with the ability to post YouTube videos directly in chat sites now, such as vBulletin.

    What Im curious aboutt hough is, aside from their insane infrastructure. When a user hosts a video on his site, then its pumped via API to youTube, and then linked to another website in a chat window, possibly thousands of them, where is the drive for Google here? How does this make money?

    Not only is YouTube providing bandwitdh for the people visiting youTube but also to all the other sites out there that dont have to worry about hosting anything because its all displayable now. And the adds YouTube would have generated from people visting the thrid party or youTube istelf are gone as the chatters never have to leave their forums.

    Just wondered what your take on that was.

    Comment by Kenn -

  18. I love Youtube. I like Hulu even better. Hulu is going to be big, BIG, REALLY BIG. The NBA should license games to them. :-)It would be a great way to promote the league.

    Comment by darryl -

  19. Hello Mr Cuban,
    I am one of many fans that read your blog. I hope you dont mistake me as a crazy person but about a year ago i invited you to come down to San Diego to come hang out and have a sandwich with me and my roommate, i hope you remember me. well ya didnt come and that didnt defer me from reading your blog or rooting for your team. (fyi kidd pick up is panning out way better then the shaq pick up good job) well me and 3 other guy are going to be traveling up to portland oregon for Flutag on August 2nd. Now if you dont know what Flutag is its the red bull competition where you try to make something fly off a 25ft platform essentially falling off into some body of water. well we are inviting you to our team, this isnt to be mistaken for any kind of situation to get any money from you but just an opportunity to do something cool and fun and maybe making that day in Oregon the most memorable day in those portlanders lives. well you have my information get back to me. we are looking forward to the possibility to have you as a teammate.
    Good luck on the rest of the season and God Bless
    – Fred

    Comment by Fred Caban -

  20. Seen the Wall Street Journal artical on watching video in the workplace? Check out http://online.wsj.com/article/SB120459386857809135.html.

    I wonder what will happen when this issue becomes more well known and the door gets slammed shut.

    I\’m also wondering what is going to happen when HD camcorders drop in price and everyone wants to start uploading big HD blobs.

    Times are changing and it\’s getting ready to get interesting…

    Comment by Keith Combs -

  21. To say you could never have imagined how costly a mistake it would be is either hyperbole or idiocy. Everyone knew about the costs (bandwith) and risks (copyright lawsuits) associated with hosting all sorts of video content for free. As someone who wants to see himself as some sort of web content pundit, surely you saw that at the time. The only question was, could Google monetize it enough to make up for those costs. And I don\’t think the jury is out on that yet (though I\’m sure they\’re comforted by the perception of a \”lack of ads\”, given that there are ads on the homepage, for example, almost constantly).

    I feel bad making a judgment here, but I\’m pretty sure I smell some broadcast.com/hdnet sour grapes. Just because you haven\’t made it work on a massive scale yet, doesn\’t mean no one else can.

    Comment by Mike -

  22. Great write-up. I appreciate the time and thought you put into this.

    Comment by Kristal Rosebrook -

  23. While I don\’t think the money is really an issue for Google in regards to the copyright suits, I think the lawsuits themselves are quite a pain: Negative publicity, companies thinking that Google might start being a content creator, nervous investors, etc… And I agree that the YouTube API move hopes to kill two birds with one stone by monetizing display and YouTube advertising and limiting copyright suits themselves.

    Comment by Brian -

  24. I don’t agree with your copyright logic here Mark. If a user on my site illegally uploads copyrighted content to YouTube via the YouTube API, then that video will exist both on my site and on YouTube.com. So we’re both responsible for the copyright infringement.

    Where that video exists on YouTube depends on how I coded my site to work with the YouTube API. It will either show up on the user’s YouTube channel, my YouTube channel, or on both of those channels.

    I don’t see how the new YouTube APIs are going to lighten Google’s copyright burden in any way.


    from MC: as i said in the post, i wouldnt be surprised if google required video that appeared on youtube to be licensed at some point. Plus, even if it appears on youtube.com, if they are monetizing it at the destination site, they dont have to really care about monetizing it on youtube

    m

    Comment by Eddie -

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